高起点《英语》必背词组及短语_英语_高起点_复习技巧_河南成人高考信息网 
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高起点《英语》必背词组及短语

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发布时间: 2021-11-06

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高起点必背词组及短语


agree to do sth. 同意做某事

ask to do sth. 要求做某事

choose to do sth. 决定做某事

decide to do sth. 决定做某事

expect to do sth. 期待做某事

help to do sth. 帮助做某事

hope to do sth. 希望做某事

learn to do sth. 学习做某事

manage to do sth. 设法做某事

offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

plan to do sth. 计划做某事

prepare to do sth. 准备做某事

pretend to do sth. 假装做某事

want to do sth. 想要做某事

wish to do sth. 希望做某事

advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事

allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事

bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事

cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事

drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事

expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事

get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事

hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事

help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事

intend sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事

invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事

leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事

like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事

mean sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事

need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事

order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事

remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事

teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事

tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事

train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事

trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事

want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事

wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事

advise doing sth. 建议做某事

allow doing sth. 允许做某事

consider doing sth. 考虑做某事

discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事

dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事

excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事

finish doing sth. 完成做某事

forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事

give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

imagine doing sth. 想象做某事

keep doing sth. 保持做某事

mention doing sth. 提及做某事

mind doing sth. 介意做某事

miss doing sth. 错过做某事

pardon doing sth. 原谅做某

permit doing sth. 允许做某事

practice doing sth. 练习做某事

prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事

put off doing sth. 推迟做某事

stop doing sth. 停止做某事

suggest doing sth. 建议做某事

understand doing sth. 理解做某事

bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事

catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事

discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事

feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人做某事

find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事

get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事

have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事

hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事

keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事

listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事

look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事

notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事

observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事

prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事

send sb. doing sth.使某人(突然)做某事


about 短语


1. talk about 谈论,讨论

2. worry about 担心

3. care about 关心,担心

4. learn about 了解关于...

5. think about 考虑

6. be excited about 对...感到兴奋

7. be nervous about 对...紧张

8. be serious about 对...是认真的

9. complain about 埋怨,抱怨


put 短语


1. put up 举起,挂起,搭建

2. put on 穿上,戴上,上演

3. put away 把......放好

4. put off 推迟,推延

5. put down 把......放下,记下

6. put out 扑灭,伸出

7. put into 把...放进...,把...译成...

8. put one's heart into 全神贯注于...


take 短语


1. take up 占据(时间,空间)

2. take after 与(父母等)相像

3. take place 发生

4. take care 小心,当心

5. take off 脱下,起飞

6. take out 拿出,取出

7. take away 拿走,带走

8. take down 取下

9. take it easy 从容,不紧张

10. take care of 照顾,照料

11. take a rest 休息一下

12. take a shower 洗澡

13. take part in 参加

14. take pride in 对...感到自豪

15. take a photo 拍照

16. take turns 轮流,依次

17. take an interest in 对...感兴趣

18. take a vacation 去度假

19. take medicine 服药

20. take an action 采取行动

21. take a taxi 打的

22. take one's advice 接受某人的建议


keep 短语


1. keep on 继续

2. keep out 不让...进入,挡住

3. keep off 使—不踏入

4. keep away from 远离...

5. keep...down 控制,抑制

6. keep healthy/fit 保持健康

7. keep from 隐瞒

8. keep doing sth. 一直做某事

9. keep sb. doing sth. 使某人一直做某事

10. keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

11. keep up 坚持,保持

12. keep in touch with sb. 与某人保持联系


turn 短语


1. turn on 打开

2. turn off 关闭

3. turn up 调大,放大

4. turn down 调小,关小

5. turn over 翻转过来

6. turn left/right 向左转/向右转


make 短语


1. make up 编造,杜撰,构成,组成

2. make a noise 吵闹

3. make a decision 做决定

4. make room for 为----腾地方

5. make a face 做鬼脸

6. make mistakes 犯错误

7. make the bed 铺床

8. make friends 交朋友

9. make a living 谋生,度日

10. make money 赚钱

11. make progress 取得进步

12. make it 约定,成功,及时赶到

13. make sure 务必,确保

14. make a plan 制定计划

15. make a telephone call 打电话

16. make up one’s mind 下决心

17. make sb. feel at home 使某人感到宾至如归

18. make a contribution to 为...做贡献


come 短语


1. come over 顺便来访

2. come true 实现,达到

3. come out 出来,开放,出版

4. come on 加油,来吧

5. come back 回来

6. come up with 想出,提出

7. come in 进来

8. come along 出现,发生,来到

9. come from 来自,产自

10. come across 遇见,(偶然)发现


on 短语


1. on duty 值日,值班

2. on time 准时,按时

3. on foot 步行

4. on vacation 度假

5. on sale 销售,出售

6. on TV 在电视里

7. on display 展出,陈列

8. on board 在船上

9. on the Internet 在网上

10. on the radio 在收音机里

11. on one’s way 在—的路上

12. on weekends 在周末

13. on the other hand 另一方面

14. on the left/right 在左边/右边

15. on the phone 用电话交谈,在通话

16. on the wall 在墙上

17. depend on 依靠,依赖,取决于

18. get on 上车,相处,进展

19. work on 从事,忙于,演算

20. put on 穿上,戴上

21. turn on 打开

22. try on 试穿,试戴

23. pass on 传递

24. hold on 稍等片刻

25. go on 继续

26. decide on 决定

27. concentrate on 专心,专注

28. live on 以...为生

29. spend...on 在...花费

30. come on 加油,来吧


in 短语


1. in all 总共,共计

2. in class 在班上

3. in English 用英语

4. in short 总之,简言之

5. in a hurry 匆忙

6. in the end 最后,终于

7. in the future 在将来

8. in time 及时

9. in fact 事实上,实际上

10. in bed 在床上

11. in hospital 住院

12. in the way 碍事的,挡道的

13. in this way 这样

14. in red 穿着红衣服

15. in danger 处于危险中

16. in trouble 处于困境中

17. in a minute 立刻,马上

18. in surprise 惊奇地,惊讶地

19. in public 当众,公开

20. in general 大体上,一般而言,通常

21. in common 共有的,公有的

22. in style 时尚的

23. in good health 身体健康

24. in front of 在...前面

25. in the sun 在阳光下

26. in the past few years 在过去几年时间里

27. in order to 为了

28. in the past 在过去

29. do well in 在...方面干得好

30. major in 专修,主修

31. be interested in 对...感兴趣

32. take part in 参加

33. be weak in 在...差

34. take pride in 以...而自豪

35.hand in 上交,交纳

36. arrive in 到达(大地点)


at 短语


1. at once 立刻,马上

2. at least 至少

3. at most 最多

4. at last 最后

5. at home 在家

6. at noon 在中午

7. at night 在夜晚

8. at times 有时,偶尔

9. at school 在上学

10. at table 在吃饭

11. at present 目前,现在

12. at work 在工作

13. at all 全然,根本

14. at the age of 在...岁时

15. at the end of 在...结尾

16. at the moment 此刻,现在

17. at the same time 同时

18. at first 首先

19. aim at 旨在,目的是

20. knock at 敲击

21. look at 看着

22. shout at 叫喊,叫嚷

23. point at 指着

24. arrive at 到达

25. be good at 对...干得好

26. be angry at 对...生气

27. be surprised at 对...感到惊讶

28. laugh at 嘲笑

29. arrive at (小地点)


up 短语


1. give up 放弃

2. take up 占据,占去,从事

3. put up 举起,挂起,张贴,搭建

4. set up 建立,创立

5. open up 打开,开阔

6. dress up 乔装打扮

7. stay up 熬夜,不睡觉

8. wake up 醒来,唤醒,叫醒

9. look up 向上看,查阅

10. cheer up 使...振作

11. end up 以...结束,结果为...

12. go up 升起,上升

13. hurry up 赶快

14. use up 用光,用完

15. show up 出席,露面

16. stand up 起立,站起来

17. make up 编造,构成,化妆

18. think up 想出,提出

19. cut up 切碎

20. pick up 捡起,乘搭便车

21. mix up 混合

22. call up 打电话

23. grow up 成长,长大

24. ring up 打电话

25. clean up 把...打扫干净

26. fix up 修理,修补

27. get up 起床

28. keep up 保持,坚持

29. fill up 装满

30. send up 发射


out 短语


1. give out 给出,分发

2. hand out 分发

3. hang out 闲逛

4. break out 爆发

5. sell out 卖完,售完

6. look out 向外看,小心

7. go out 出去,熄灭

8. put out 伸出去,熄灭,扑灭

9. keep out 不使...进入

10. find out 查明,弄清

11. run out 用完,用尽

12. take out 拿出,取出,带出

13. clean out 把...打扫干净,清除

14. come out 出来,开放,出版

15. work out 产生结果,算出

16. point out 指出

17. help sb out 帮助某人解决困难

18. get out 出去,离开


off 短语


1. get off 下车

2. put off 推迟,拖延

3. take off 脱下,起飞

4. go off 发出响声,离开

5. turn off 关闭

6. cut off 切断

7. set off 激起,引起,出发

8. break off 突然中止,中断

9. keep off 远离,使—不踏入

10. run off 迅速离开,跑掉

11. be off 离开,走开

12. fall off 落下,从...掉下


for 短语


1. wait for 等待

2. look for 寻找

3. pay for 为...付款

4. care for 关心,照料

5. stand for 代表

6. leave for 动身去某地

7. ask for 请求,要求

8. prepare for 为...做准备

9. provide...for 为...提供

10. thanks for 为...而感谢...

11. get ready for 为...做准备

12. be famous for 因...而闻名

13. be good for 对...有益

14. be bad for 对...有害

15. be late for 迟到

16. be used for 用来做...


with 短语


1. agree with 同意

2. play with 与...玩,玩弄

3. share with 与...分享...

4. come up with 想出,提出

5. end up with 以...而结束

6. fight with 与...打架

7. catch/catch up with 赶上

8. be filled with ...里装满...

9. deal/do with 对付,处理

10. provide...with 为...提供

11. begin start with 以...开始

12. get along/on well with 与...相处得融洽

13. argue with 与...争吵

14. with one’s help 在某人的帮助下

15. with the light on 开着灯

16. quarrel with 与...吵架

17. be busy with 忙于...

18. be angry with sb 生某人的气

19. be strict with sb 对某人严格要求

20. be popular with 深受...的喜欢

21. fall in live with 爱上...

22. help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事

23.compare...with 与...相比

24. show off 炫耀,卖弄


of 短语


1. be afraid of 害怕...

2. be tired of 厌倦...

3. be sure of 确信...

4. be made of 由...做成

5. be terrified of 害怕...

6. be fond of 喜欢...

7. be careful of 小心...,当心...

8. be full of ...里装满...

9. be proud of 以...而自豪

10. be confident of 对...有信心

11. take care of 照顾,照料

12. think of 考虑,认为,想起

13. hear of 听说

14. remind of 使某人想起...

15. dream of 梦想

16. run out of 用完,用光

17. look out of 向...外看

18. because of 因为, 由于

19. instead of 代替,而不是

20. plenty of 大量的,充足的

21. kind of 稍微,有点

22. all kinds of 各种各样的

23. the number of ...的数量

24. a number of 许多

25. hundreds of 数百...

26. thousands of 成千上万的

27. in front of 在...的前面

28. at the end of 在...的尽头,在...末尾

29. a pair of 一双/副/条...

30. a piece of 一片/块/条/则...

31. a a set of 一副/串

32. a lot of 许多,好多


be+adj/ 过去分词+ + 介词


1. be interested in 对...感兴趣

2. be surprised at 对...感到惊讶

3. be famous for 因...而闻名

4. be good at 擅长于...

5. be angry with/at 生...的气

6. be worried about 担心...

7. be strict with/in 对...要求严格

8. be proud of 以...而自豪

9. be ready for 为...做准备

10. be busy with 忙于...

11. be popular with 深受...的喜爱

12. be nervous about 对...感到紧张

13. be excited about 对...感到兴奋

14. be similar to 与...相似

15. be different from 与...不同

16. be filled with ...里装满...

17. be used to 习惯于...

18. be afraid of 害怕...

19. be good for 对...有益

20. be bad for 对...有害

21. be friendly to 对...友好

22. be relaxed about 对...感到放松

23. be covered with 被...所覆盖

24. be crazy about 热衷于...

25. be fond of 喜欢...

26. be terrified of 害怕...

27. be full of ...里充满...

28. be made of ...由...做成


break 短语


break out 爆发、(战争、打斗等不愉快事情突然发生)

break down 损坏、拆散

break off 中断、中止

break through 突破,突围


call 短语


call on 拜访某人,号召

call for 需要;要求;

call up 打电话;征召;

call out 大声叫喊,大声说出;

call off 取消、停止


carry 短语


carry on 进行

carry out 执行;进行

carry away 拿走

carry off 夺走,抢走


Ct ount 短语


count in 把...算在内;

count out 不把…考虑在内;

count up 加起来,算出总数;

count on 依赖,依靠 = depend on = rely on


St et 短语


set up 建立,建造

set in 开始,到来,流行;

set down 放下、写下,记下;

set out 1、动身,出发


fm rom 短语


apart from;除……之外(别无);

far from;远离,远非

learn from 学习,向.....学习

result from 是(由)......造成


by 短语


by accident 偶然

by all means 尽一切办法,务必

by chance 偶然,碰巧

by means of 用,凭借

by no means 决不,绝没有

by oneself 单独地,独自地

by the way 顺便地,附带说说

side by side 肩并肩地,一起


over 短语


all over;到处,遍及;全部结束

get over;克服(困难等);从(疾病、失望、震惊等)中恢复过来

go over;检查;复习

hand over;交出,移交

have an advantage over;胜于,优于

look over;仔细检查,细看;察看,巡视

over and over;一再地,再三地

take over;接受,接管;借用,承袭

think over;仔细考虑


look 短语


1. look at 看......

2. look for 寻找

3. look up 查阅,向上看

4. look out 向外看,小心

5. look over 仔细检查

6. look after 照顾,照料

7. look like 看起来像

8. look through 浏览

9. look into 向—里看

10. look around 环顾四周

11. look forward to 期盼,期待

12. look ahead 向前看


get 短语


1. get up 起床

2. get off 下车

3. get on 上车,相处,进展

4. get over 克服,恢复,原谅

5. get back 回来,返回

6. get through 接通电话

7. get along 进展,相处

8. get into 陷入...

9. get out 出去,离开

10. get together 相聚

11. get ready for 为...做准备

12. get married 结婚

13. get in the way 碍事,挡道

14. get to 到达


give 短语


1. give up 放弃

2. give out 分发

3. give away 赠送,分发

4. give back 归还


k think 短语


1.think of 想起,认为

2.think up 想出,提出

3.think about 考虑

4.think over 仔细考虑