2021 成人高考专升本考前辅导《英语》交际用语_英语_专升本_复习技巧_河南成人高考信息网 
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2021 成人高考专升本考前辅导《英语》交际用语

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发布时间: 2021-11-08

编辑: admin

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1.问候


(1)A: Hello/Hi

B: Hello/Hi

(2) A: Hello.How are you?

B: Fine, thank you. And you ?

A:Very well, thank you.

(3) A: Good morning/ afternoon/ evening

B:Good morning/ afternoon/ evening

(4) Please say hello to your parents.

Please give my best wishes to your parents.


2.告别


(1)告别前,客方表示要离开的常用语:

I am afraid I must be going now.

I am afraid I must go now.

I think it’s time for me to leave now.

I think it’s time for us to go now.

(2)双方相互道别时的常用短语:

Goodbye!

See you later!

See you!


3.感谢和应答


(1)感谢某人:

Thank you./Thanks a lot./ Thank you very much

Thank you for your help.

It’s very kind/nice of you.

Thank you all the same.

(2)回答感谢时的答语

It’s a pleasure./ With my pleasure

That’s OK./ That’s all right.

You’re welcome.

Not at all.


4.邀请和应答


(1)表示邀请的用语:

Will you come to my party?

Would you like to go for a walk?

May I invite you to dinner?

How /What about going for a walk?

(2) 接受邀请时的答语:

Yes,I’d love/like to.

Yes. It’s very kind of you.

That would be nice.


5.请求和应答


A: May I...?/Can/Could I...?

B:(肯定回答)Sure/Certainly. Yes, do please.

(否定回答)I’m afraid not.I’m sorry, but you mustn’t.


6.祝愿、祝贺和应答


(1)祝贺用语:

Have a good day/time!

Good luck.Enjoy yourself! Best wishes to you!

Happy NEW Year! Merry Christmas! Well done!

Congratulations!

(2)表示感谢的答语

Thank you.

The same to you.


7.提供帮助和应答


(1)提供帮助

Can I help you?

Would you like me to help you?

(2)肯定回答:

Yes, please.

Thank you for your help.

否定回答:

No,thanks./ That’s very nice of you,but I can’t manage

it myself.


8.约会


(1)约会前询问对方有无空闲时间:

Are you free this morning/afternoon/evening?

Yes,I’ll be free then.

或:No,I won’t be free then.But I will be free tomorrow.

(2)提出约会时间、地点以征求对方意见的用语:

How about tomorrow morning?

Shall we meet at 3:00 at the school gate?

Yes , that’s all right./ ALL right,see you then.


9.就餐


(1)主人常用语

What would you like to have ?

Would you like something to drink ?

Help yourself to some chicken.

Would you like some more rice ?

(2)客人常用语

Yes, I’d like a drink. I’d like rice and chicken.

Just a little, please. Can I have some more soup?

It’s so delicious. Thank you.

No. Thank you. I’ve had enough.

I’m full, thank you.


10.谈论天气


(1)询问天气情况:

What’s the weather like todatay ?

How is the weather in Beijing ?

(2)陈述天气情况:

What a cold/hot day today!

It’s a nice day today.

It’s sunny/cloudy/windy/rainy .

It’s getting cold/warm/hot.


11.看病


(1)医生诊断常用语

What’s the matter?

What’s wrong with you ?

Do you have a fever?

How long have you been feeling like this?

It’s nothing serious. You’ll be all right soon.

Take this madecine three times a day.

(1)病人叙述病情常用语

I feel terrible/bad. I don’t feel well.

I’ve got a cold/headache

There is something wrong with my eyes.


12.购物


(1)售货员常用语

Can I help you?

What can I do for you?

What calour /size/kind do you like?

(2)顾客常用语

I want a pair of shoes

How much is it?

May I try it on

That’s fine. I’ll take it.


13.问路


(1)问路用语

Excuse me , where is the nearest post office?

Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the shop?

Excuse me,how can I get to the nearest shop?

(2)应答

Go down the street until you see the tall building.

Ture right/left at the first crossing/corner.

You can take No.5 bus

You’d better take a taxi


14.介绍


(1)自我介绍:

1)A:My name is Lin Yan. Glad to meet you.

B: Nice to meet you. My name is Li Lei.

2) A:Excuse me.What’s your name,please?

B:My name is Robert Thomas Brown.

A:May I call you Robert?

B:Certainly/Of course.

(2) 介绍他人

A:This is Mr.Huang.

B: Nice to meet you.

A: Glad to meet you.


15.打电话


(2)打电话常用语

Hello! May I speak to...?

Is that ...speaking?

Can I leave a message?

I’ll call back later/again.

(2)接电话的常用语

Hello! This is Tom speaking.

Hello! Who is that? Hold on please!

Can I take a message for you?

Sorry, I’m afraid you have the wrong number.


16.道歉


(1)当要麻烦别人时:

Excuse me,please! I beg your pardon.

(2)当做错事时:

Sorry, I’m sorry for... I’m sorry that...

(3)回答道歉时的答语:

Never mind

That’s ok./ That’s all right

It’s nothing

It doesn’t matter.


17.劝告


You’d better go to see the doctor.

You should listen to and read English every day.

You need to buy a Chinese-English dictionary.


18.表扬


Very good! Well done! Wonderful!

You speak English very well. Your dress is beautiful.

Come on ! You can do it!


19.忧虑


What’s wrong? What’s the matter?

What should we do?


20.表示遗憾


I’m so sorry. It’s a great pity.

What a pity! That’s too bad.